Abhishek is a Snan or a holy bath. Shiva Abhishek means ' The pouring of water on Shiva ling' which can be called the snan or holy bath to Lord Shiva. It is believed that Abhishek is a part of Shiva pooja and it is a good way of pleasing Lord Shiv which brings happiness in the life of the devotee and gives him peace and prosperity. While performing Jal ( water) Abhishek the devotee should chant Mantras dedicated or related to Lord Shiva like panchakshari Mantra, Om Namah Shivay, Mrityunjaya mantra, Rudra mantra etc.
While offering Abhishek, the devotee chants some Mantra or the other. If he chants the Vedic Rudra Sukt while pouring water or any other material on the Shiva ling, is known as Rudrabhishek. It is done for peace and prosperity, to get rid of evil forces, diseases and possible dangers.
Substances or items or material used for Abhishek:-
While performing Abhishek, water is poured on the Shiv ling. But besides water, some other items are also used. Some of these items are -Ganga jal, milk, sugarcane juice, ghee, honey, coconut water, curd, panchamrit etc. These different items fulfill the different purposes ( wishes ) of the devotee.
1. The water of Ganga - For getting all the four Pursharths, one should perform Abhishek with the water of Ganga.
2.With Ghee - for progeny or vansh vriddhi.
3.With water - for mental peace and general purpose and for having good rain
4.With milk - for getting peace in the family and getting rid of other troubles.
5.With juice of sugarcane - for prosperity and pleasure.
6.Honey - for fulfilling wishes