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Tuesday, December 31, 2013

(13.1.8) Hindu Marriage and Types of Hindu Marriage


Types of Hindu marriage -
Vivah or marriage is one of the sixteen sanskaars of the Hindus.
According to Manu Smriti, there are eight types of marriage -
a. Brahma vivah
b. Dev vivah
c. Aarsh vivah
d. Prajaapatya vivah
e. Asur vivah
f. Gandhava vivah
g. Rakshash vivah
h. Paishaach vivah
1. Brahma vivah - In this type of marriage. The girl is married to a learned person in the Vedas. The father of the girl invites the bride groom to his house and gives his daughter to him.
2. Dev vivah - In this type of marriage the father marries of his daughter to the person ( Purohit ) who performs yagya (sacrifice).
3. Aarsh vivah - In this type of marriage the father of the girl get a cow and a bull from the person ( the bride groom ) and marries off his daughter to him.
4. Prajapatya vivah - In this type of marriage the father of the girl marries off his daughter after asking them both (the bride groom and the bride) to perform their duties sincerely.
5. Asur vivah - In this type of marriage the bride groom gives money to the father of the girl and then the father marries off his daughter to him.
6. Gandharva vivah - In this type of marriage the boy and the girl enter into the married life with their own choice. Usually parents do not play any role in such type of marriage. It is like a love marriage.
7. Rakshas vivah - In this type of marriage the man forcibly takes away the girl from her father's home and marries with her.
8. Paishaach vivah - In this type of marriage the man seduces the girl when she is sleeping or intoxicated and marries with her.
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