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Saturday, December 15, 2012


Gita / Geeta / Bhagwad Gita / Shree Madbhagvatgita 

The Bhagwad Geeta is popularly known as Geeta/Gita. Is is a holy book of the Hindus. It is the part of the ancient Sanskrit Epic the Mahabharat. Geeta contains the words which directly came from the lips of Lord Krishna. The content of the Geeta is a conversation between Krishna and Arjun which took place in the battle field of Kurukshetra just before the starting of the war between the Kouravas and the Pandavas. It has 700 Verses in which Lord Krishna answers all the doubts of Arjun. He explains to him the true path of action , knowledge and devotion.Here under are given some of the teachings of Gita -

1. Doubt creates negative feelings. The person who has doubt cannot be happy. 
2. Soul is immortal. The Soul neither kills nor is killed.
Just as a man gives up old garments and wears new ones , in the same way the embodied soul gives up old and worn out body and accepts the new body. 
If a person thinks that soul takes birth and then dies , even then he must not grieve. For the one who has taken birth , death is certain and for one who is dead , birth is certain. Therefore we must not grieve for inevitable situations. 
3. Work makes the world going on , without doing work we can't do. It is our duty to do our prescribed  work but at the same time we must not expect for its result because the result of any action is not under our control. At the same time there should not be any attachment in not doing our prescribed work or activities.
4. A person whose mind remains undisturbed amid sorrows , who doesn't desire for happiness , who is free from attachment , fear and anger and he who is unattached to everything and meeting with good and evil , neither rejoices nor curses , his mind is stable and he is established in perfect knowledge. 
5. The person who sees inaction  in action , and action in inaction (one who is unattached to action or inaction) is wise and spiritually intelligent among mankind. 
6. The person who is satisfied with whatever comes by its own accord , who is free from jealousy and tolerant of dualities and who is balanced in success and failure , is not bound by his actions , such type of person is a perfect performer of all actions.
7. The person who neither disdains ( hates) nor desires the fruits of actions is always considered as a renouncer. Certainly that person being free from all dualities is easily liberated from the bondage of this world.
8. The person who neither rejoices nor hates , nor grieves , nor desires and who is indifferent to both what is auspicious and what is inauspicious. And his devotional services is very dear to God.
9. A person who is alike to a friend and enemy , who is equal to honour and dishonour , who remains balanced in heat and cold , happiness and pain and is free from attachment , the person who takes praise and reproach alike , who is contemplative before speaking , satisfied with whatever comes on its own accord , not attached to domestic place and life , fixed in determination and  engaged in devotional service that person is very dear to God.
10. The enlightened person is he who is equal in all situations. If adversity comes to him , he is not alarmed or distressed and if prosperity comes to him , he is not elated. He receives the pleasant and unpleasant  in the same spirit. He is free from the spirit of doership of any action. He remains balanced in all situations. Such a person has no desire of his own so nothing can disturb him. 
11. Wherever there is Lord Krishna ( the symbol of pure wisdom ) together with Arjun ( the symbol of pure actions ) then there is certainly prosperity , goodness , victory , power and virtue. 
12. Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practices and a predominant rise of irreligion , at that time God incarnates to reestablish the religion on earth.



Astavakra Geeta has the description of the dialogue between Astavakra and the king Janak on the nature of  soul, reality and bondage. The Astavakra Geeta insists on complete unreality of external world and absolute oneness of existence. It is an ancient spiritual document of great purity and power. It presents the traditional teaching of advaita vedant. The Astavakra Geeta begins with the questions asked by King Janaka- 1. How can knowledge be acquired ? 2. How can liberation be attained ? 3. How is renunciation (non attachment) possible ?
Astavakra gives the answers to these question in the Astavakra Geeta .Here under are given the English translation of some of the Selected verses ( shlokas) -

Chapter 1- Verse number-6
Astavakra says to Janaka, "O, Vibho , virtue and vice, pleasure and pain are connected with the mind and they are not for you. You are neither the doer nor the reaper of the actions. So you are always free.
Astavakra says that virtue and vice ( right and wrong), pleasure and pain are all purely related to mind. They are not for the   one who is learned and has the knowledge of self. A learned person does not think that he is the doer or has done something nor does he think that he is the reaper or the receiver of the consequences. On the contrary due to arrogance ignorant person takes himself for the doer and the reaper of the action. Only because of this thinking and ego the person feels  ( experiences) pleasure and pain.
If he gives up the feeling of being doer and reaper (receiver) he can be free from the feeling of virtue and vice, pleasure and pain. As a result of it he will always be free and enjoy the things as they are without being happy and unhappy.
Chapter- 1. Verse-8
" I am the doer" , thinking so, is like bitten by the great black snake of egoism. " " I am not the doer, " drink the nectar of such type of belief and become happy.
Astavakra says that arrogance is like a great black snake. Due to this arrogance a person treats himself different from the Supreme soul. This difference is the root cause of his feeling of virtue and vice, pleasure and pain. To be  happy a person must have the thinking that he is not different from Supreme soul. But he is the part of the whole.
This universe is going on according to the specific rules of nature. Nothing is under the control of a man, neither the birth nor the death. Only due to the ignorance he considers himself to be the doer. He must have the thinking that he is not doer. This belief is like nectar, drink this nectar and be happy.
Chapter 1- Verse 9.
" I am the one pure understanding ( knowledge)" , burn down the dense forest of ignorance with the fire of this pure knowledge. Be free from distress    (disappointment) and be happy.
Explanation- Astavakra says that darkness is the absence of light. In the same way ignorance is the absence of knowledge. As soon as knowledge prevails, the ignorance vanishes. A man can be happy  and free from disappointment only when he attains knowledge. A man has expectations due to ignorance and when his expectations are not fulfilled , he gets distressed. The man himself is responsible for it. He must burn down the forest of his ignorance with the fire of knowledge. By doing so he can be free from disappointment and be happy.
Chapter 9- Verse - 4
Which is the time and age when dualism does not exist for man. The man who ignores this dual and is contented with the things whatever he gets, attains perfection.
In Present, past or future, the situation of dualism always exists. The two situations of joy and sorrow, pleasure and pain, Life and death, profit and loss, peace and war always exist. They can never be removed nor can they be continued ( kept continuously ). A person tries either to keep these conditions continued or to remove them. In this effort he has to under go the situation of sorrows, loss and unrest  (unquietness). So according to Ashtravakra the person who treats (considers) and accept both the situations as divine, is learned in the real sense. So by ignoring this dual and being satisfied with what he has, a person can be happy and attains full perfection.
Chapter -10 Verse-3
Wherever there is the desire, there is the world. Establish yourself firm dispassion, (apply this mature dispassion), be free from desires and be happy.
Man is desire (craving) stricken. He pines for what is not. He wants to get (acquire) more and more. He always makes efforts to get his desires fulfilled. But his desire of getting more and more , never satisfies. So he feels distressed. A man cannot be satisfied with material possessions. Even after getting much more, he feels ( finds) scarcity of something or the other. So it is proper for a man to apply mature dispassion, be free of material desires and be happy.
Chapter-11 Verse- 2
God is the creator of all and no one else. Who knows it with definiteness is free from all desires. That person becomes still and free from all desires.
God has created all the things of this world. Nothing is separate from God. Everything is the part of Almighty. They are only the extension of God. The person who knows it , can become still. He is free from all types of expectations and desires. So he is unattached. Such type of person knows it certainly that God is the creator of all the things and what he has got and what he has lost they all belong to God, ( only that person ) attains happiness.
Chapter-11 Verse-3
The person who knows for certain that adversity and success come in their own turn from fate, becomes contented and his senses are under his control. He neither desires ( longs) nor grieves.
No event occurs in accordance with the liking or not liking of a person nor does the event remains unoccured. Every event occurs at the fixed time according to the rules of the nature. Ashtavakra says that fortune and misfortune, adversity or success come in their own turn in obedience to destiny. Nothing can happen against God's will. The person who knows it with definiteness is free from the feeling of arrogance and does not regard himself the doer of any thing, is learned and is contented under all circumstances. He does not long for what he has or for what he has not got , nor does he grieve for what he has lost. There is no tension and unrest in his life.
Chapter-12 Verse-6
Just as performance of an action is due to ignorance , so is the case with the abandonment of the action.
Knowing this fact well I am free from doing and not doing.
Action begins with life and continues till death. So action is the inseparable part of life. But the action is done with the feeling of doership and arrogance is ignorance. In the same way if there arises the feeling of doership ( doerness) and arrogance while abandoning the action, it is also ignorance.
So a learned person must be free from the feeling of doership and arrogance while doing as well as not doing the action.
Chapter-16 Verse-9
A passionate person wants to leave (renounce) this world so as to avoid pain. But the dispassionate person is free from pain and feels no distress even in this world.
A passionate person wants to renounce this world to avoid pain. According to him this world is full of sorrows (griefs). So this world must be renounced so as to avoid the troubles of this world. But according to Astavakra all the things of this world are not the cause of sorrow. The real cause of sorrow is desire and passion. If a person renounces the life of a householder and begins to leave in a forest as an ascetic even then he cannot get peace. Giving up the worldly desires and having the desire for salvation is also the cause of sorrow. But only the dispassionate person who is attached to nothing, is free from pain and feels no distress in this world even enjoying the worldly things or material possessions. Pleasure and pain are connected with the mental state of person and they are not connected with possessions.
Chapter-18 Verse-96
A learned person is neither happy nor unhappy, he is neither attached nor detached. He is neither liberated nor does he want liberation. He is neither some body nor nothing.
A person who has knowledge is always balanced in his thinking, in his behaviour etc. He is free from duality. He is contented under all the situations. He takes pleasure and pain equally. He is neither happy nor unhappy. He is neither liberated nor does he want liberation. He is neither attached nor detached. He does not consider himself great nor does he consider himself nothing or neglected. He is satisfied with what he has and is not dissatisfied with what he does not have. Only such type of person is learned and has knowledge in the right sense.
Chapter-18 Verse-99
A liberated person is pleased when he is praised , and is not annoyed when he is blamed or reproached. He is not afraid of death nor does he rejoice in life.
A learned person is not arrogant. So he takes all the events normally which happen in his life. They cannot have good ( favourable) or bad (adverse) effect on him. A liberated person is not pleased when he is praised or commended. He is also not annoyed when he is blamed or reproached. He is neither rejoices in life nor fears death. He is always the same whether it  is the question of pleasure or pain , life or death , praise or reproach. For a learned person soul is important , not the body.



Saptshloki Geeta is given in the Nitya karm Pooja Prakash published by Geeta Press Gorakhpur. Saptshloki Geeta contains seven verses (shlokas) from Bhagavad Geeta. They are as follows :-
1. Omityekaaksharam Braham Vyaaharanmaamanusmaran,
Yah   Prayaati Tyajan Dehm Sa Yaati Paramaam Gatim. (Chapter-8, Verse-13) 
(1) ओमित्ये काक्षरं ब्रह्म व्याहरन मामनुस्मरन।
य: प्रयाति त्यजन देहं स याति परमां गतिम्।। 
Meaning :-  
The person who leaves the body and departs uttering the single syllable 'Aum' which is Brahma and thinking of Me in my absolute aspect , (he) attains the Supreme goal.
2. Sthaane Hrishikesh Tav Prakeertyaa,
Jagatprahrishyatyanurajyate Cha.
Rakshaamsi Bheetaani Disho Dravanti,
Sarve Namasyanti Cha Siddhasanghaa. (Chapter -11, Verse-36) 
(2) स्थाने हृषिकेश तव प्रकीर्त्या,
जगतप्रहृष्यत्यनुरज्यते च।
रक्षांसि भीतानि दिशो द्रवन्ति,
सर्वे नमस्यन्ति च सिद्धसंघा:।।
Meaning :-
He Krishan , it is proper that the entire universe is delighted and is filled with love by chanting your name , Virtue and Glory , all the demons out of fear are running in all the four directions and that all the groups of Siddhas ( Perfected beings ) bowing down to You.
3.Sarvatah Paanipaadam Tatsarvato kshishiromukham.
Sarvatah Shrutimalloke Sarvamaavritya Tishthati. ( Chapter 13, Verse - 13)
(3) सर्वत:पाणिपादम तत्सर्वतोSक्षिशिरोमुखम।
     सर्वत: श्रुतिमल्लोके सर्वमावृत्य तिष्ठति।।
Meaning :-
It has hands and feet on all sides, it has eyes , head and mouth in all directions and has ears all around because it stands pervading all in the universe.
4.Kavim Puraanmanushaasitaarmanoraniyaamsamanusmare dhyh.  
Sarvasya Dhaataaramachintyaroopmaadityvarnam Tamasah  Parastaat. (Chapter-8, Verse-9)
(4) कविं पुराणमनुशासितारमणोरणीयांसमनुस्मरेद्य:।
सर्वस्य धातारमचिन्त्यरूपमादित्यवर्णं तमस: परस्तात।।
Meaning :- 
He who contemplates on the Omniscient , eternal , the ruler of all , Subtler than the subtle sustainer of all , possessing inconceivable form effulgent like the sun , and are beyond the darkness of ignorance , (he) attains the Supreme divine Purusa God.
5.Urdhvamoolamadhah  Shaakhamashvattham Praahuravyayam.
Chhandaansi Yasya Parnaani Yastam Ved Sa Vedvit. (Chapter-15, Verse-1)
(5) उर्ध्वमूलमध:शाखमश्वत्थं प्राहुरव्ययम।
छन्दांसि यस्य पर्णानि यस्तं वेद स वेदवित।।
Meaning :-
(Sri Bhagwan said) He who knows the Peepal Tree ( in the form of creation ); which is said to be imperishable with its roots in the Primeval Being (God), whose stem is represented by Brahma ( the creator ), and whose leaves are the Vedas, is a knowner of (the intention of) the Vedas.
 6.Sarvasya Chaaham Hridi Sannivishto
mattah Smritirgyaanamapohanam cha.
Vedaishcha Sarvairahameva  Vedhyo 
vedaantkridwedavideva  Chaaham. (Chaper15, Verse-15)
(6) सर्वस्य चाहं हृदि संनिविष्टोमत्त: स्मृतिर्ज्ञानमपोहनं च।
वेदैश्च सर्वैरहमेव वेद्योवेदान्तकृद्वेदविदेव चाहम।।
Meaning :-
I remain seated in the hearts of all the creatures as the inner controller of all , I am the source of memory, knowledge and ratiocinative faculty. Again I am the only object worth knowing through the Vedas ; I am alone the father of Vedaanta and the knowner  the Vedas too.
7. Manmanaa Bhav Madbhaktto Madhyaajee Maam Namskuru.
Maamevaishyasi Satyam Te Pratijaane Priyosi Me. (Chapter18,Verse-65)
(7) मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो  मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु।
मामेवैष्यसि सत्यं ते प्रतिजाने प्रियोS सि मे।
Meaning :-
Keep your mind on Me , be My devotee , Worship Me and bow to Me. Doing so you will certainly come to Me alone, I truly promise you; for you are very dear to Me.



The Geeta gives us spiritual comfort which is the most essential thing in life. When difficult time is there the Geeta supports and consoles us. The Geeta gives us a sense of proper duty which is necessary for spiritual contentment.
  • Why do you worry ? What are you afraid of ? 
  • Who can kill you and destroy you ? Soul is never born so it never dies. 
  • Whatever happened, it happened for good.
  • Whatever is happening, it is happening for good. 
  • Whatever will happen, it will happen for good. 
  • What have you lost for which you cry ?
  • What did you bring with you, which you have lost ?
  • What did you produce, which has destroyed ?
  • You did not bring anything when you were born. 
  • Whatever you have, you have received from Him.
  • Whatever you will give, you will give to Him.
  • You came empty handed and you will go the same way.
  • Whatever you have today was somebody else's yesterday and it will be somebody else's tomorrow.
  • Change is the law of nature.

Sunday, December 9, 2012



The Geeta contains the gospel of work  , the gospel of devotion and the gospel of knowledge. It teaches us that we have a right to the action only but not to its fruit or result and that success and failure are the same at the bottom. It calls upon us to dedicate ourselves to our duty with body mind and soul and not to become a victim of desires and impulses. The study of this book transforms the person into a true servant of nation as well as humanity. 
Main Things :-
1. Doubt is the root cause of distress.
2. Soul is immortal. It is never born so it never dies.
3. If God is for you , who can be against you ?
4. Whatever happens , always happens for the best.
5. Do the right thing , in the right way and at the right time without any attachment either to the fruits there of or to the action itself in terms of doership .
6. The things which belong to a person today , belonged to someone else yesterday and they will belong to someone else tomorrow.
7. At one time you are the owner of lacs and in the very next moment you loose everything and become poor.
8. Situations don't always remain the same because change is the rule of nature.

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